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Methods of Compliance
  
Engineering controls and work practices required regardless of level of exposure:
  
-Vacuum cleaners with HEPA filters for cleanup
-Wet methods or wetting agents during handling, mixing, removal, cutting, application, and cleanup, unless infeasible due to creation of other            hazards; see (g)(8)(ii) for roofing exceptions.
-Prompt cleanup and disposal of wastes and debris 
in leak-tight containers.

  
Engineering controls and work practices required to achieve the PELs:
  
-Local exhaust ventilation with HEPA filter dust collection system
-Enclosure or isolation of processes producing asbestos dust
-Ventilation of the regulated area to move air from the employee’s breathing zone toward HEPA-filtered collection device or exhaust
-Other controls that the Assistant Secretary can show to be feasible
-If the above are not sufficient to reduce employee exposure to or below the PELs, they shall still be used
  and supplemented with respiratory protection
  
 Category 3 Jobs
  
Performed using wet methods.
Performed using local exhaust ventilation, to the extent feasible.
Where drilling, cutting, abrading, sanding, chipping, breaking, or sawing TSI or surfacing material, performed using impermeable dropcloths and mini-enclosures or glove bag systems or another isolation method
Where there is no negative exposure assessment or where the PELs are exceeded, performed using impermeable dropcloths and plastic barriers, or isolation using a control system specified for Category I jobs
Where: TSI or surfacing material involved, or there is no negative exposure assessment, or PELs are exceeded, employees shall wear respiratory protection according to paragraph (h)
  
Respiratory Protection

  
Respirators shall be provided and used for:
  
-All Category 1 jobs
-All Category 2 jobs where ACM is not removed in a 
substantially intact state
-All Category 2 and III jobs not performed using wet methods; exception: sloped roofs
-All Category 2 and III jobs where there is no negative 
exposure assessment
-All Category 3 jobs where TSI or surfacing material ACM or PACM is disturbed
-All Category 4 work in regulated areas where 
employees performing other work are required to wear respirators
-All work where PELs are exceeded
-Emergencies

Selection

Employers shall provide respirators as specified in (d)(3)(i)(A) of 29 CFR 1910.134
  
-Filtering face piece respirators may not be used for asbestos
-HEPA filters must be used for powered and non- powered air-purifying respirators
-Tight-fitting, powered air-purifying respirators shall be provided in lieu of any negative-pressure respirator selected according to requirements of this section whenever:
     -An employee chooses to use this type of respirator and
     -The respirator will provide adequate protection
    
Half-mask air-purifying respirators (other than a filtering facepiece respirator) equipped with high efficiency filters, shall be provided:
     -For Class II and II jobs where there is no negative exposure assessment
     -For Class III jobs where TSI or surfacing ACM or PACM is being disturbed
      
Tight fitting powered air-purifying respirators or full-facepiece supplied air respirators operated in pressure-demand mode, with HEPA egress cartridges or an auxiliary positive pressure self- contained breathing apparatus, shall be used for Class I work in regulated areas where:
     -A negative exposure assessment has not been produced, and
     -Exposure assessment levels are < or = 1 fiber/cc for an 8- hour TWA

Asbestos Exposure
  
It is estimated that 1.3 million workers in the U.S. are still subjected to asbestos exposure on the job today. Although asbestos has been eliminated in the manufacture of many products, it is still being imported (approximately 1,730 metric tons in 2007) and used in the United States in various construction and transportation products. Asbestos removal and building renovation & demolition have the greatest exposures.
 
Vermiculite
  
-A mine near Libby, Montana sold 70% of all Vermiculite in the U.S. from 1919 to 1990.
-There was a sediment of asbestos at that mine, so the vermiculite from Libby was contaminated with asbestos.
-Libby vermiculite was used in the majority of vermiculite insulation in the U.S. as the brand name “Zonolite”

VERMICULITE CONTAINS ASBESTOS! ALWAYS ASSUME VERMECULITE CONTAINS ASBESTOS!

-Leave vermiculite insulation undisturbed in attics or walls
-Contact a licensed asbestos contractor to remove or encapsulate asbestos.
  
Products that could contain asbestos:

A common misconception is that all asbestos products have been banned in the US. This is incorrect as many products today still contain asbestos. There are over 3,000 known products that may contain asbestos. The following list identifies some of the commercially available products that may contain asbestos.
  
Adhesives
Appliance components
Automotive products
Brake linings Brake pads Clutch plates
Ceilings Products
Acoustical plaster Ceiling panels
Ceiling texture (Popcorn texture) Ceiling tiles
Ceiling tile mastic
Cement-asbestos board (Transite) products
Chimney flue lining
Ducts Pipes Shingles Siding
Wall panels Chalkboards Electrical products
Cloth wire insulation
Electrical breakers
Electrical panel arc chutes
Electrical panel partitions
Electrical panels
Insulating cloth
Fire protection products
Fire blankets Fire curtains Fire doors
Spray-on fireproofing
Heating and Cooling System products
Boiler insulation
Boiler breeching insulation Cooling towers
Duct work insulation Furnace insulation Gaskets
Heat shields (paper and corrugated cardboard)
HVAC vibration dampeners Pipe lagging insulation
Pipe elbow insulation
Tank insulation
Tank casings
Thermal taping compounds
Elevator car brake shoes
Elevator equipment panels
Flooring Products
Asphalt floor tiles
Carpet mastic
Coving mastic
Floor tile mastic
Vapor barriers
Vinyl floor tiles
Vinyl sheet flooring (linoleum)
Industrial use products   
Beverage filters Friction materials
Laboratory products
Heat resistant gloves Laboratory hoods
Laboratory tables and countertops
Paints and coatings
Roofing Products
Base flashing Felt
Shingles
Tar or "Black Jack"
Wall Products
Decorative plaster
Caulking and putties
Spackling compounds
Vinyl wall coverings
Wall penetration packing materials
Wallboard joint compound
Wallboard or sheetrock
Window glazing
Vermiculite
Attic insulation
Fireplace decoration
Gardening products
Wall insulation
  
  
The EPA has banned the use of the following products  in new construction and renovation:
    
-Spray-applied surfacing asbestos-containing material.
-Sprayed-on application of materials containing more than 1% asbestos to buildings, structures, pipes, and conduits unless the material is                      encapsulated with a bituminous or resinous binder during spraying and the materials are not friable after drying.
-Wet-applied and pre-formed asbestos pipe insulation, and pre-formed asbestos block insulation on boilers and hot water tanks.
-Corrugated paper, rollboard, commercial paper, specialty paper, flooring felt, and new uses of asbestos.

Employer Responsibilities
  
OSHA's General Duty Clause states employers have a duty to provide a workplace and work that are safe and healthful to their employees.
 
Employers are not permitted to expose employees to airborne fibers above OSHA’s Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL), or Excursion Limit (EL).
 
PEL = 0.1 fiber per cubic centimeter of air averaged over
an 8-hour work period.
 
EL = the EL is 1.0 fiber per cubic centimeter of air as averaged over a sampling period of thirty minutes.
  
Communication of Hazards - Employee Training

All employees covered by the standard must be informed of:
-Methods of recognizing asbestos, including PACM
-Health effects
-Relationship between smoking and asbestos in producing lung 
cancer
-Operations that could result in exposure and protective measures and their use, as applicable
-For Category III and IV work, information equivalent to the 
contents of EPA 20T-2003, “Managing Asbestos In-Place”
-Purpose, proper use, fitting instructions, and limitations of respirators.

  
-Asbestos exposure is the only confirmed cause of mesothelioma, a fatal form of cancer that typically
  manifests in the lungs
-Lung Cancer
 -Asbestosis













  
Smoking can increase the chance of getting lung cancer after an asbestos exposure.
















  
  




How to avoid asbestos exposure:
  
If you do not know that a building material is
asbestos free DO NOT disturb it.

NEVER

Drill
Hammer
Cut
Saw
Break
Damage
Move
Disturb

Signs and symptoms of asbestosis:
  
-Shortness of breath is the primary symptom
-A persistent and productive cough (acough that expels mucus)
-Chest tightness
-Chest pain
-Loss of appetite
-A dry, crackling sound in the lungs while inhaling.

   E Light Electric Services, Inc. Asbestos Policy

  
It is the policy of E Light Electric Services that only qualified employees shall be involved in any repairs, maintenance or removal of any materials or environments where the listed materials or gases are present.
 
All unqualified employees shall be protected from exposure to asbestos fibers by isolating and controlling access to all affected areas during asbestos work. All tasks involving the disturbance of asbestos, the asbestos material will be conducted only after appropriate work controls have been identified and implemented.
 
A qualified supervisor shall be available at asbestos controlled work sites during all activities. Proper personal protective equipment, vacuums, and HEPA filters shall be used and properly maintained. If outside contractors are used, the company shall ensure all contractor employees have been properly trained and have been issued proper equipment and protective gear.

Responsibilities:

Management
-Ensure all Asbestos, asbestos Material is identified and labeled
-Ensure training is effective for employees
-Establish engineering controls for all work with asbestos, asbestos material
-Coordinate with building owners, owners representatives and general contractors to ensure E Light Electric Services employees are not                    exposed to asbestos hazards and asbestos hazards are mitigated prior to the performance of work
-Ensure E Light Electric Service employees are informed of asbestos hazards and mitigations on each project.

  
Supervisors
-Qualified supervisors shall provide effective on-site management during work with asbestos, asbestos material
-Supervisors will notify the Director of Education and Loss Prevention immediately upon discovering asbestos material
 
Employees
-Qualified employees must follow the exact procedures established for the project for work in areas containing asbestos.
-Unqualified employees are to stay clear of all asbestos work areas and report any damaged asbestos-containing material to their supervisor.

Hazard Control
     
Engineering Controls:
Engineering controls include the use of enclosures such as monitoring equipment, glove bags, tenting, negative pressure work areas, HEPA filters, controlled vacuums, water misters and other equipment to ensure containment and cleanup of asbestos work areas.
 
Administrative Controls:
Written procedures and management authorizations are required for all work involving asbestos, asbestos material.
  
General Rules

    
-E Light Electric Service employees shall only conduct work in Category 3 and only as exposed during the course of their electrical operations,          repair and installation. No E Light Electric employee shall conduct work that classified as Category 1 or 2.
-All Asbestos, asbestos Material (ACM) will be handled by certified and licensed asbestos abatement personnel. The friability of the ACM will dictate the type of removal/maintenance required. Removal and maintenance shall be done by specialty contractors.
-Employees who are uncertified and unlicensed will not handle any ACM >1%. This will include encapsulation projects, renovation/ removal and/or demolition of any type of structure. This will prevent the potential for accidental exposure from the mishandling of any ACM.  
-When an uncertified, unlicensed employee questions whether they may be handling suspect ACM, the employee will immediately contact their supervisor. The employee shall not resume working at the site until the area has been checked to verify the material is not ACM.
-Uncertified, unlicensed employees will not cross over a barrier/containment area where asbestos projects are in progress.
-Any employee who discovers ACM or suspects ACM in damaged or poor condition should report it to their supervisor so the identified material is repaired.

Assessment and Analysis
  
Prior to the start of work, an initial assessment must be conducted to determine:
-If there is a reason to believe asbestos could be present (PCAM).
-If so, will the work to be conducted generate airborne fibers.

Inventory

E Light Electric Services requires that the building owner or general contractor notify the Director of Education and Loss prevention of asbestos hazards in any building where work is to be performed and that a copy of any conducted surveys and prepared written inventories of the type and locations of asbestos-containing material be forwarded to the Director of Education and Loss Prevention.

Identification
  
The asbestos identification system is used to alert people to the presence of asbestos.
 
Asbestos is identified by tags, stickers, pipe labels, signs and other high visibility means. Where feasible, stickers indicate the presence of asbestos in thermal insulation, in asbestos board and tiles and in other locations.
 
Warnings may also be placed near the entrances of rooms – particularly mechanical rooms where unusually large amounts of asbestos may be present.
  














Repair and Maintenance of ACM
  
Should an employee or a contractor encounter material which is not identified and is not listed in the Asbestos Inventory and which might reasonably be expected to be asbestos, the person will stop any work which could create airborne asbestos and report the discovery to a supervisor.

Where it is determined that friable asbestos-containing material is in a condition that could likely lead to inhalation exposure, the supervisor will immediately limit access to the location.

Where there is reasonable doubt about the composition of a friable material, it will be treated as asbestos until testing demonstrates that asbestos is present at levels below 1%. E Light Electric Services employees shall not participate in cleanup activities.  

When routine work is to take place in an area where asbestos is present or when the work might disturb friable asbestos, employees will be informed of the potential for exposure during their pre-task safety briefing.

If upon reviewing the work situation, the employee believes that normal work practices do not provide an adequate measure of safety, the employee will report these concerns to the supervisor.

Where there is reasonable doubt about the composition of a friable material, it will be treated as asbestos until testing demonstrates that asbestos is present at levels below 1%. E Light Electric Services employees shall not participate in cleanup activities.

  
ll employees, visitors, vendors, and contractors will be notified in advance when work involving asbestos is to be carried out in any area of E Light Electric Services buildings or projects which they occupy
  
The supervisor will review the work situation and authorize any required additional precautions.

  
General Industry (29 CFR 1910)1910 Subpart Z, Toxic
and hazardous substances 1910.1001, Asbestos:
 
 
Safety and Health for Construction (29 CFR 1910) 1926.1101 Asbestos: