Forklift Safety Module


Controls and instrumentation
  
•Refer to the operators manual
–Every manufacture is different
–Take the time to know and understand the controls and the instrumentation
–Take time to do a dry run or mock run
•Be familiar with the specific controls
•Better to practice before moving expensive materials with lead time to have shipped 
  
The Work Site
  
•Avoid :
– Holes
– Drop-offs
– Obstacles
– Rough Spots
– Soft Soil
– Deep Mud
– Standing Water
– Oil Spills
– Wet Spots
– Slippery Surfaces
Know Your Work Area
  
•Watch for conditions that could cause
–Loss of control
–A collision
–Tip over  
•Overhead Electrical
–De-energize line if needed
•Hazardous weather
•Confined Spaces
•Maintain a SAFE SPEED
Plan Your Work
  
•Avoid Ruts and Ditches
•Curbs
•Exposed Railroad Tracks
•Know the Weight of the Load
•Use Signal person to land loads at a distance or obstructed view     
•Watch for Tail and Fork swing
•Lower load / forks
•Set the parking Brake before dismounting
  
  
Visibility
    
•Rough terrain Forklift have large blind spots
–To the rear
–To the side
•Visibility can be blocked by the load   
•Blind spots
–To the rear
–To the side
•Know what is all the way around your forklift   
•Visibility can be blocked by the load
–Operate in reverse if vision is blocked
–  Get a spotter to when visibility is blocked  
Vehicle Stability
Stability Triangle
Vehicle Center of Gravity (Unloaded)
Center of Gravity of Vehicle and Maximum Load (Theoretical)
Outside of the Stability Triangle
  
When the boom is raised without telescoping out, the telehandler becomes more stable because now much of the boom and load is closer to the forklifts side of the balancing point. If there is a load on the forks, the load center will also be closer.
  
Basic Safety Rules
  
•Authorization
•Controls
•Alarm/horn
•Visibility
•Seat belt  
–Don’t stand under
forks
–No riders
–Don’t park on an incline
–Don’t leave trucks unattended
–Use proper shutdown
   
  
Rules of Operation
  
•Know the Load Capacity
•Buckle the Seat belt
•Lower forks flat on the ground before dismounting
•Never Lift personnel
  
  
Operate Safely
  
•Know the weight of the Load
•Know the Load capacities
•Avoid Double stacking  
•Travel Slowly over rough terrain
•Avoid Jerks and Sudden Stops  
•Load positioned correctly an balanced on forks
•Know clearances•Look for workers on the ground
•360o view
•Slow careful turns  
•Start Slowly for stable lifts
•Avoid Unstable loads
•Place load gently and retract forks smoothly
•Check cracking noises that may indicate overloading
•Do not extend load beyond capacity  
•Have Adequate Clearance for fork and tail swing
•Keep loads low
  
  
  
  
  
  
Unloading from Trucks
  
•Center forks on load
–Center of gravity of load
•Tilt load back
–Lifting load by tilting
•Raise load for adequate clearance
•Retract boom or back slowly
•Depending on situation and type of forklift
•Lower load before traveling  
Transporting the Load
  
•Keep Forks tilted back
•Secure Loose loads
•Look Where You are Traveling  
•DO NOT travel with the boom UP across a slope
•Traveling with no load / forks pointed down (counter weight / most weight UP)
•Traveling with a load / forks pointed uphill (The most weight Up )
  
  
Forklift Damage
  
•Never load the fork lift with a twist force on the boom
•This can damage the machine
•Leaving dangerous hidden damage
–In the boom structure
–In the boom guides and slides
–In the pins and bushing of the machine
  

Surface Loading
 
•Know Landing Weight limits
•DRIVE as close as possible to landing
•Set parking brake before lifting load
•KEEP loads level
  

In the Event of aTip-over
  
•Never Jump
•Stay seated
•Keep seat belt on
•Keep arms and legs inside the ROPS
–(roll over protection structure)
•Brace your self in a tip over
•Lean Away from the Impact
•Shut the engine off Immediately
  
Loading
  
•Check weight charts
•Set forks
•Slide forks
•Center load
•Tilt mast
•Lift load
  

Causes of Tip-overs
  
•Weight
•Collisions
•Speed
•Edges
•Load too high
•Sudden turning
or braking
•Load tilted too far forward
Preventing Tip-overs
  
–Load capacity
–Turns
–Inclines
–Load position
–Ground conditions
–Braking
  
REVIEW
  
•Do you understand:
–Safety procedures for loading and unloading?
–Traveling safely?
–Causes of tip-overs?
–Preventing tip-overs?
–What to do in the event of a tip-over?


If you have any questions about the material presented please contact your safety manager.