Safety Requirements for Supervisors  Page 2​

Definitions


Lets start off by definining some terms. One of the great challenges of communication is understanding the definitions. 

Remember these definitions as you read this module. This the is the meaning we give to these words when we use them,. 

Task: Any part of the work that your crew will be assigned to perform that makes up the entire installation performed by the crews for the project. Tasks are specific to type and the location where there will be performed. Some examples of tasks: Install conduit for feeders to panel LB1, rough wall installation in unit types 11, panel make up in main electric room, etc.

Steps: Most tasks are made up of multiple processes required to perform the tasks. A step is one of the processes needed to be performed to complete a task. Examples of steps: Locate material and take it to the work area, set up ladders, unpack light fixtures, knock out mounting punch holes in light fixture, etc.

Installation Plan: A written plan explaining the task we are asking a crew to perform. The form used for this process is the iAuditor template Operations: Installation Plan

JHA: Job hazard analysis. A description of the hazards that exist when performing the steps of a task and the methods used to mitigate those hazards. The form used for this process is the iAuditor Template Operations: Job Hazard Analysis

Challenging: E Light Electric Services, Inc. requires each employee on a project to carry on their person a pretask card. The pretask card is filled out at the beginning of a shift. Each employee fills out their pre-task card as the team leader reads the task Job Hazard Analysis. The crews pre-task cards should match the hazards on the JHA. [This is done in teams, not the entire crew.] Any person that enters your work area during the shift, that was not physically present during this brieifng and did not hear the reading of the JHA and write down the hazards on their pretask card, must be stopped by the first person on the crew to see them. The person that stops them, will TELL them, NOT ASK them, " I need to go over the hazards in the area with you." You will then read your pretask card to them and ask them to initial your card. You only need to do this once per shift for any one person.  Also you should do this for E Light personnel. the Genercal Contractors Personnel, and owners personnel. 
                                      EXCEPTION: If you KNOW, for certain, that the person entering is an employee of another trade contractor, not the general contractor, and they have been working on that project, then you do not have to challenge that person. 

Job Hazard Analysis

The job hazard analysis is a foundation of our safety awareness program and it is also an OSHA requirement. It is the tool for the supervisor to identify the hazards that crew will be exposed to while performing a task and to plan means and methods to mitigate those hazards. It is also the tool used to communicate all of this critical information to the crew. E Light requires employees to have a JHA reviewed before working on a task and for employees to fill out a pretask card before performing the task so that each employee understands the hazards involved in each task.

OSHA also has requirements concerning JHAs. The following information is copied directly from the OSHA Booklet on JHAs

What is a job hazard analysis?
A job hazard analysis is a technique that focuses on job tasks as a way to identify hazards before they occur. It focuses on the relationship between the worker, the task, the tools, and the work environment.  After you identify uncontrolled hazards, you will take steps to eliminate or reduce them to an acceptable risk level.

Why is job hazard analysis important?
Many workers are injured and killed at the workplace every day in the United States.  Safety and health can add value to your business, your job, and your life.  You can help prevent workplace injuries and illnesses by looking at your workplace operations, establishing proper job procedures, and ensuring that all employees are trained properly. One of the best ways to determine and establish proper work procedures is to conduct a job hazard analysis.  A job hazard analysis is one component of the larger commitment of a safety and health management system.

What is the value of job hazard analysis?
Supervisors can use the findings of a job hazard analysis to eliminate and prevent hazards in their workplaces. This is likely to result in fewer worker injuries and illnesses; safer, more effective work methods; reduced workers’ compensation costs; and increased worker productivity. The analysis also can be a valuable tool for training new employees in the steps required to perform their jobs safely.

For a job hazard analysis to be effective, management must demonstrate its commitment to safety and health and follow through to correct any uncontrolled hazards identified. Otherwise, management will lose credibility and employees may hesitate to go to management when dangerous conditions threaten them.